Valentinsrag Beliebtesten Valentinstag Geschenke

Der Valentinstag wird am Februar begangen. Das Brauchtum dieses Tages geht auf das Fest des heiligen Valentinus zurück, eines Märtyrers, in dessen Hagiographie möglicherweise die Vitae mehrerer Märtyrer dieses Namens zusammenflossen. Der. Der Valentinstag wird am Februar begangen. Das Brauchtum dieses Tages geht auf das Fest des heiligen Valentinus zurück, eines Märtyrers, in dessen. Jedes Jahr am Februar ist Valentinstag. Doch warum gilt er als Tag der Verliebten? Alles zur Bedeutung des Valentinstags, der Geschichte. Alles zu Legende, Ursprung und Brauchtum am Valentinstag. Hier erfahren Sie, wer der heilige Valentin eigentlich war. Schauen Sie vorbei! Termin; Einstiegsinformation; Ablauf; International; Zur Herkunft der Valentinstag-​Bräuche; Hintergrund-Infos; Drei Heilige Valentin; Valentinsgedichte; Weblinks.

Valentinsrag

Brauch ist es, seinen Liebsten an Valentinstag Blumen zu schenken. Der Valentinstag hat seinen Namen und seine Tradition Bischof Valentin von Terni zu​. Auf dieser Überlieferung basierend wird der Februar als Tag der Liebenden gefeiert. wurde der Valentinstag als Gedenktag von Papst Gelasius I. für die​. Termin; Einstiegsinformation; Ablauf; International; Zur Herkunft der Valentinstag-​Bräuche; Hintergrund-Infos; Drei Heilige Valentin; Valentinsgedichte; Weblinks.

Valentinsrag Entstehung des Valentinstags: Wer war Valentin von Terni?

Februar Schokolade an Beste Spielothek in Binzenbach finden. Die römisch-katholische Kirche begeht das Gedächtnis des hl. In Slowenien gilt der hl. Am Fest des römischen Gottes der Hirten Valentinsrag der Fruchtbarkeit Lupercus wurden jungen Menschen durch eine Liebeslotterie Beste Spielothek in Untermberg finden zugeteilt. Valentin von Rom gedacht wird, wird dieses Gedächtnis am 6. Denn eine Volksüberlieferung besagte, dass ein Mädchen denjenigen heiraten werde, den es am Valentinstag als ersten Mann erblickt. Je mehr Karten ein Mensch erhält, desto beliebter ist er. Valentinsrag Von Spiele Pizza Prize - Video Slots Online indischen Linken wird der Valentinstag stark kritisiert. In Nürnberg wurde der erste Valentinsball veranstaltet und der Valentinstag damit in die Gesellschaft eingeführt. Zeichen der Liebe oder Konsum? Februar als Nationalfeiertag Rodeo Girls zu lassen und damit wiederum Valentinstagsbräuche Happy Spiele verdrängen. Aufgrund seiner steigenden Kommerzialisierung wird der Valentinsrag fast schon als Feiertag angesehen. Imitative, Realistic, and Dogmatic. Wann ist Valentinstag? Diesen Brauch kennt man mittlerweile auch unabhängig vom Valentinstag in Deutschland und anderen Ländern. Februar den Märtyrertod sterben müssen. A Proposed Common Calendar of Saints. Jedes Jahr am Im angelsächsischen Raum hat der Valentinstag schon seit Klitschko Fury RГјckkampf des Endorphina Dragobete ist nach einer Figur aus der rumänischen Folklore benannt.

Valentinsrag Video

Valentinstag - Trailer

Februar gemeinsam gefeiert, mit Ausnahme von Kolumbien, wo der Festtag am dritten Samstag im September gefeiert wird. In den Vereinigten Staaten wird die Zahl der versandten Valentinstagskarten auf etwa Millionen geschätzt.

Zusammen mit den Karten, die Schulkinder und Lehrer untereinander austauschen, belaufen sich die Schätzungen auf etwa eine Milliarde. Der traditionelle chinesische Valentinstag wird am siebten Tag des siebten Monats des Mondkalenders genauer gebundenen Mondkalender gefeiert und erinnert an den einzigen Tag im Jahr, in dem sich einer Fabel zufolge die Sternbilder des Kuhhirten und der Weberin begegnen.

Dieser Tag ist traditionell in Japan unter dem Namen Tanabata jap. Dort wird er heute nach dem Kalenderreform allerdings am 7.

Juli, nach dem gregorianischen Kalender , gefeiert. Als Beispiele dafür findet man die erotischen Schnitzereien in der Khajuraho-Tempelgruppe und den Kamasutra.

Im Mittelalter ging diese Tradition verloren, Kamadeva wurde nicht mehr gefeiert und öffentliche Darstellungen sexueller Natur wurden zunehmend verpönt.

Ab setzten sich Valentinstagsfeiern in Indien durch. Durch Fernsehsender wie MTV , Radioprogramme und Liebesbriefwettbewerbe wurde der Valentinstag bekannter, und die Kartenindustrie steigerte ihre Umsätze deutlich, unter anderem auch durch die wirtschaftliche Liberalisierung.

In den letzten Jahren verurteilten hinduistische und islamische [74] Traditionalisten den Feiertag. Von den indischen Linken wird der Valentinstag stark kritisiert.

Rechte Hindu-Nationalisten sind dem Valentinstag gegenüber ebenfalls ablehnend eingestellt. Anfang des Jahrhunderts wurde die Feier des Valentinstags im Iran von islamischen Lehrern, die in den Feierlichkeiten einen Gegensatz zur islamischen Kultur sehen, scharf kritisiert.

Verkäufer, die dies verletzen, werden gesetzlich verfolgt. In der alten persischen Kultur wird auch die Erde gefeiert. Mit der Zeit wurde dieses Fest von der Feier des Valentinstags verdrängt.

Februar als Nationalfeiertag ausrufen zu lassen und damit wiederum Valentinstagsbräuche zu verdrängen. Tag des Monats Aw normalerweise Ende August gefeiert.

In der modernen israelischen Kultur ist der Feiertag sehr beliebt, um seine Liebe auszudrücken, Heiratsanträge zu machen und untereinander Geschenke wie Karten oder Blumen auszutauschen.

Weitere Kampagnen in den er-Jahren machten den Tag in Japan bekannter. Der Brauch, dass nur Frauen Schokolade an Männer verschenken, könnte durch den Übersetzungsfehler eines Schokoladenunternehmens während der ersten Kampagnen entstanden sein.

Insbesondere Sekretärinnen schenken ihren männlichen Kollegen Schokolade. Japanische Schokoladenhersteller machen in dieser Zeit die Hälfte ihres Jahresumsatzes.

März einzuführen, als erfolgreich. An diesem Tag erwarten die Frauen, Schokolade vom Beschenkten zurückzubekommen.

In Japan wird am 7. Paare tauschen am den Valentinstag Geschenke aus. In jeder Stadt wird der Valentinstag anders begangen. Viele Frauen bekommen an diesem Tag einen Heiratsantrag.

In Sidon wird mit der ganzen Familie gefeiert; hierbei geht es auch mehr um Familienliebe als um Liebespaare. Islamische Beamte in Westmalaysia warnten Muslime davor, den Valentinstag zu feiern, da sie ihn mit einer Untugend in Verbindung brachten.

Diese beinhaltete die Durchführung von Razzien in Hotels, um unverheiratete junge Paare am Geschlechtsverkehr zu hindern, und das Verteilen von Flugblättern an muslimische Universitätsstudenten.

Das Konzept des Valentinstags wurde in den späten er-Jahren durch Fernseh- und Radioprogramme in Pakistan eingeführt. Das Gleiche gilt für Verleger von Valentinstagskarten.

Das Verbot wurde auch in anderen Städten wie Kohat umgesetzt. In der Regel steigen die Preise für Blumen, vor allem für rote Rosen, stark an.

Der Verkauf von Artikeln, die sich als Valentinstagsgeschenk eignen, wurde schon einige Tage vorher untersagt. In Südkorea verschenken Frauen am Februar Schokolade an Männer.

Männer beschenken die Frauen am Februar oder am November auch den Pepero-Tag, wenn junge Paare sich Peperokekse geben.

Der In Thailand ist der Valentinstag zwar nicht verboten, es wird aber auf die geltenden Gesetze wie das Verbot des Austauschs von Zärtlichkeiten in der Öffentlichkeit geachtet.

Dennoch feiern die meisten Jugendlichen diesen Tag, in Bangkok gibt es deshalb eine Ausgangssperre für Minderjährige ab 22 Uhr.

Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit dem Brauchtum. Zum Film siehe Valentinstag Film. Valentines day [26]. Cooper: Dictionary of Christianity.

Guiley: The Encyclopedia Of Saints. Valentine's Day, — In: Winterthur Portfolio. Februar Pfatteicher: New Book of Festivals and Commemorations.

A Proposed Common Calendar of Saints. Farmer: Oxford Dictionary Of Saints. Oxford , ISBN A Comprehensive Guide. Brighton , ISBN Kevin Knight, abgerufen am Februar , abgerufen am Oruch: St.

Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February. In: Speculum. Imitative, Realistic, and Dogmatic. Lippincott, Philadelphia Kaylor: Secreted Desires.

Brno , ISBN Candid Histories. UCLA, 9. Washington State University, abgerufen am IOL, 9. Sarah Peverley, abgerufen am A Selection in Modern Spelling.

London , ISBN Shakespeare Navigators, abgerufen am Routledge, London Sacred-Texts, abgerufen am Or, The Nursery Parnassus.

Harding and Wright, London , S. Vivian Krug Cotton, abgerufen am Manchester Metropolitan University, England — Cambridge , ISBN All Saints Library, abgerufen am Manchester , ISBN Vitesse Media, März , abgerufen am Schmidt: The Commercialization of the Calendar.

American Holidays and the Culture of Consumption, — In: The Journal of American History. The Washington Post, Crawbar, abgerufen am Sinsins Boutique of Love, abgerufen am Valentin, prvi spomladin.

Gorenjski Glas, Dnevnik, 9. Handelsblatt Media, abgerufen am Abgerufen am Huss, Peter and Paul Serbian Orthodox Church, abgerufen am Valentine's resting place in Dublin.

IrishCentral, 2. The jailer's daughter and his forty-six member household family members and servants came to believe in Jesus and were baptized.

A later Passio repeated the legend, adding that Pope Julius I built a church over his sepulchre it is a confusion with a 4th-century tribune called Valentino who donated land to build a church at a time when Julius was a Pope.

There is an additional embellishment to The Golden Legend , which according to Henry Ansgar Kelly, was added in the 18th century and widely repeated.

This order says that according to legend, "Julia herself planted a pink-blossomed almond tree near his grave. Today, the almond tree remains a symbol of abiding love and friendship.

Another embellishment suggests that Saint Valentine performed clandestine Christian weddings for soldiers who were forbidden to marry.

According to legend, in order "to remind these men of their vows and God's love, Saint Valentine is said to have cut hearts from parchment", giving them to these soldiers and persecuted Christians , a possible origin of the widespread use of hearts on St.

Valentine's Day. Saint Valentine supposedly wore a purple amethyst ring, customarily worn on the hands of Christian bishops with an image of Cupid engraved in it, a recognizable symbol associated with love that was legal under the Roman Empire; [37] [40] Roman soldiers would recognize the ring and ask him to perform marriage for them.

While the European folk traditions connected with Saint Valentine and St. Valentine's Day have become marginalized by the modern Anglo-American customs connecting the day with romantic love , there are some remaining associations connecting the saint with the advent of spring.

While the custom of sending cards, flowers, chocolates and other gifts originated in the UK, Valentine's Day still remains connected with various regional customs in England.

In Norfolk , a character called 'Jack' Valentine knocks on the rear door of houses leaving sweets and presents for children.

Although he was leaving treats, many children were scared of this mystical person. In Slovenia , Saint Valentine or Zdravko was one of the saints of spring, the saint of good health and the patron of beekeepers and pilgrims.

Plants and flowers start to grow on this day. It has been celebrated as the day when the first work in the vineyards and in the fields commences.

It is also said that birds propose to each other or marry on that day. Another proverb says "Valentin — prvi spomladin" "Valentine — the first spring saint" , as in some places especially White Carniola , Saint Valentine marks the beginning of spring.

The patron of love was Saint Anthony , whose day has been celebrated on June No evidence has been demonstrated to link St.

Valentine's Day and the rites of the ancient Roman purification festival of Lupercalia , despite persistent and sometimes detailed claims by many authors to the contrary, nor to any otherwise unspecified Greco-Roman holiday supposed to have celebrated love or fertility.

In Ancient Rome , Lupercalia was observed February 13— It was a rite connected to purification and health, and had only slight connection to fertility as a part of health and none to love.

Lupercalia was a festival local to the city of Rome. The more general Festival of Juno Februa , meaning "Juno the purifier" or "the chaste Juno", was celebrated on February 13— Pope Gelasius I — abolished Lupercalia.

Some researchers have theorized that Gelasius I replaced Lupercalia with the celebration of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary and claim a connection to the 14th century's connotations of romantic love, but there is no historical indication that he ever intended such a thing.

Alban Butler in his Lifes of the Principal Saints — claimed without proof that men and women in Lupercalia drew names from a jar to make couples, and that modern Valentine's letters originated from this custom.

In reality, this practice originated in the Middle Ages, with no link to Lupercalia, with men drawing the names of girls at random to couple with them.

This custom was combated by priests, for example by Frances de Sales around , apparently by replacing it with a religious custom of girls drawing the names of apostles from the altar.

However, this religious custom is recorded as soon as the 13th century in the life of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary , so it could have a different origin.

The first recorded association of Valentine's Day with romantic love is believed to be in the Parliament of Fowls by Geoffrey Chaucer , a dream vision portraying a parliament for birds to choose their mates.

Readers have uncritically assumed that Chaucer was referring to February 14 as Valentine's Day. Henry Ansgar Kelly has observed that Chaucer might have had in mind the feast day of St.

Valentine of Genoa, an early bishop of Genoa who died around AD ; it was probably celebrated on 3 May. Jack B. Oruch notes that the date on which spring begins has changed since Chaucer's time because of the precession of the equinoxes and the introduction of the more accurate Gregorian calendar only in On the Julian calendar in use in Chaucer's time, February 14 would have fallen on the date now called February 23, a time when some birds have started mating and nesting in England.

Chaucer's Parliament of Fowls refers to a supposedly established tradition, but there is no record of such a tradition before Chaucer. The speculative derivation of sentimental customs from the distant past began with 18th-century antiquaries , notably Alban Butler , the author of Butler's Lives of Saints , and have been perpetuated even by respectable modern scholars.

Most notably, "the idea that Valentine's Day customs perpetuated those of the Roman Lupercalia has been accepted uncritically and repeated, in various forms, up to the present".

Three other authors who made poems about birds mating on St. Chaucer most probably predated all of them; but due to the difficulty of dating medieval works, it is not possible to ascertain which of the four may have influenced the others.

The earliest description of February 14 as an annual celebration of love appears in the Charter of the Court of Love. The charter, allegedly issued by Charles VI of France at Mantes-la-Jolie in , describes lavish festivities to be attended by several members of the royal court, including a feast, amorous song and poetry competitions, jousting and dancing.

At the time, the duke was being held in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt , The earliest surviving valentines in English appear to be those in the Paston Letters , written in by Margery Brewes to her future husband John Paston "my right well-beloved Valentine".

Then up he rose, and donn'd his clothes, And dupp'd the chamber-door; Let in the maid, that out a maid Never departed more.

John Donne used the legend of the marriage of the birds as the starting point for his epithalamion celebrating the marriage of Elizabeth , daughter of James I of England , and Frederick V, Elector Palatine , on Valentine's Day:.

All the Ayre is thy Diocese And all the chirping Queristers And other birds ar thy parishioners Thou marryest every yeare The Lyrick Lark, and the graue whispering Doue, The Sparrow that neglects his life for loue, The houshold bird with the redd stomacher Thou makst the Blackbird speede as soone, As doth the Goldfinch, or the Halcyon The Husband Cock lookes out and soone is spedd And meets his wife, which brings her feather-bed.

This day more cheerfully than ever shine. The verse " Roses are red " echoes conventions traceable as far back as Edmund Spenser 's epic The Faerie Queene :.

The honey's sweet, and so are you. And Fortune said it shou'd be you. In , a British publisher issued The Young Man's Valentine Writer , which contained scores of suggested sentimental verses for the young lover unable to compose his own.

Printers had already begun producing a limited number of cards with verses and sketches, called "mechanical valentines. Fancy Valentines were made with real lace and ribbons, with paper lace introduced in the midth century.

A reduction in postal rates following Sir Rowland Hill 's postal reforms with the invention of the postage stamp Penny Black saw the number of Valentines posted increase, with , sent just one year after its invention, and ushered in the less personal but easier practice of mailing Valentines.

In the United States, the first mass-produced Valentines of embossed paper lace were produced and sold shortly after by Esther Howland — of Worcester, Massachusetts.

Harrison's Confessions : "I burst in with my explanations: 'The valentine I know nothing about. Since the 19th century, handwritten notes have given way to mass-produced greeting cards.

In , the British chocolate company Cadbury created Fancy Boxes — a decorated box of chocolates — in the shape of a heart for Valentine's Day. The U.

Greeting Card Association estimates that approximately million valentines are sent each year in the US.

Half of those valentines are given to family members other than husband or wife, usually to children.

The rise of Internet popularity at the turn of the millennium is creating new traditions. Millions of people use, every year, digital means of creating and sending Valentine's Day greeting messages such as e-cards , love coupons or printable greeting cards.

An estimated 15 million e-valentines were sent in In the modern era, liturgically, the Anglican Church has a service for St. Valentine's Day the Feast of St.

Valentine , which includes the optional rite of the renewal of marriage vows. In the later 20th and early 21st centuries, these customs spread to other countries, like those of Hallowe'en , or than aspects of Christmas , such as Santa Claus.

It is also common to see people perform "acts of appreciation" for their friends. In Brazil , the Dia dos Namorados lit. Couples exchange gifts, chocolates, cards, and flower bouquets.

The February 14 Valentine's Day is not celebrated at all because it usually falls too little before or too little after the Brazilian Carnival [92] — that can fall anywhere from early February to early March and lasts almost a week.

Because of the absence of Valentine's Day and due to the celebrations of the Carnivals, Brazil was recommended by U.

In the United States, about million Valentine's Day cards are sent each year, not including the hundreds of millions of cards school children exchange.

In the Afghan tradition, love is often expressed through poetry. Some new generation budding poets like Ramin Mazhar, Mahtab Sahel are expressing themselves through poetry using Valentine's Day expressing concerns on any likelihood of erosion of freedoms.

In their political comment they defy fear by saying ' I kiss you amid the Taliban' [98]. The "Chinese Valentine's Day" is the Qixi Festival , celebrated on the seventh day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar.

It commemorates a day on which a legendary cowherder and weaving maid are allowed to be together. According to the legend, the Cowherd star and the Weaver Maid star are normally separated by the Milky Way silvery river but are allowed to meet by crossing it on the 7th day of the 7th month of the Chinese calendar.

In recent years, celebrating White Day has also become fashionable among some young people. In India , in antiquity, there was a tradition of adoring Kamadeva , the lord of love; exemplificated by the erotic carvings in the Khajuraho Group of Monuments and by the writing of the Kamasutra.

Valentine's Day celebrations did not catch on in India until around It was spread due to the programs in commercial TV channels, such as MTV , dedicated radio programs, and love letter competitions, in addition to an economical liberalization that allowed the explosion of the valentine card industry.

In modern times, Hindu and Islamic [] traditionalists have considered the holiday to be cultural contamination from the West, a result of globalization in India.

Valentine's Day has been strongly criticized from a postcolonial perspective by intellectuals from the Indian left.

The holiday is regarded as a front for "Western imperialism", " neocolonialism ", and "the exploitation of working classes through commercialism by multinational corporations ".

They also criticize mainstream media attacks on Indians opposed to Valentine's Day as a form of demonization that is designed and derived to further the Valentine's Day agenda.

Our activists will beat them up". People of Iran in cities have gotten familiar with Valentine's Day for about one decade ago and during this short time, it has become popular among the youth and also some elders.

In the s, celebration of Valentine's Day became common in wealthy families and then spread among other levels of society.

In the first part of the 21st century, the celebration of Valentine's Day in Iran has been harshly criticized by Islamic teachers who see the celebrations as opposed to Islamic culture.

In , the Iranian printing works owners' union issued a directive banning the printing and distribution of any goods promoting the holiday, including cards , gifts, and teddy bears.

Outlets that violate this will be legally dealt with", the union warned. In , local media reported that police had informed coffee shops and ice cream parlours in Tehran that they would be guilty of committing a crime if they encouraged "decadent Western culture through Valentine's Day rituals".

In Iran, the Sepandarmazgan , or Esfandegan, is a festival where people express love towards their mothers and wives, and it is also a celebration of earth in ancient Persian culture.

It has been progressively forgotten in favor of the Western celebration of Valentine's Day. The Association of Iran's Cultural and Natural Phenomena has been trying since to make Sepandarmazgan a national holiday on February 17, in order to replace the Western holiday.

It is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Av usually in late August. In ancient times girls would wear white dresses and dance in the vineyards, where the boys would be waiting for them Mishna Taanith end of Chapter 4.

Today, Tu B'Av is celebrated as a second holiday of love by secular people along with Valentine's Day , and it shares many of the customs associated with Saint Valentine's Day in western societies.

In modern Israeli culture Tu B'Av is a popular day to proclaim love, propose marriage, and give gifts like cards or flowers.

In Japan , Morozoff Ltd. Later, in , it began promoting the giving of heart-shaped chocolates; other Japanese confectionery companies followed suit thereafter.

In , the Isetan department store ran a "Valentine sale". Further campaigns during the s popularized the custom.

The custom that only women give chocolates to men may have originated from the translation error of a chocolate-company executive during the initial campaigns.

Unlike western countries, gifts such as greeting cards, [] candies, flowers , or dinner dates [] are uncommon, and most of the gifts-related activity is about giving the right amount of chocolate to each person.

Many women feel obliged to give chocolates to all male co-workers, except when the day falls on a Sunday, a holiday.

In the s, the Japanese National Confectionery Industry Association launched a successful campaign to make March 14 a "reply day", where men are expected to return the favour to those who gave them chocolates on Valentine's Day, calling it White Day for the color of the chocolates being offered.

A previous failed attempt to popularize this celebration had been done by a marshmallow manufacturer who wanted men to return marshmallows to women.

Saint Valentine is the patron saint for a large part of the Lebanese population. Couples take the opportunity of Valentine's feast day to exchange sweet words and gifts as proof of love.

Such gifts typically include boxes of chocolates, cupcakes, and red roses, which are considered the emblem of sacrifice and passion.

Lebanese people celebrate Valentine's Day in a different way in every city. In Beirut , men take women out to dine and may buy them a gift. Many women are asked to marry on that day.

In Sidon , Valentine's Day is celebrated with the whole family — it is more about family love than a couple's love. Islamic officials in West Malaysia warned Muslims against celebrating Valentine's Day, linking it with vice activities.

Deputy Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin said the celebration of romantic love was "not suitable" for Muslims. Wan Mohamad Sheikh Abdul Aziz, head of the Malaysian Islamic Development Department Jakim , which oversees the country's Islamic policies said that a fatwa ruling issued by the country's top clerics in noted that the day 'is associated with elements of Christianity,' and 'we just cannot get involved with other religions' worshipping rituals.

Activities include conducting raids in hotels to stop young couples from having unlawful sex and distributing leaflets to Muslim university students warning them against the day.

On Valentine's Day , West Malaysian religious authorities arrested more than Muslim couples concerning the celebration ban. Some of them would be charged in the Shariah Court for defying the department's ban against the celebration of Valentine's Day.

In East Malaysia , the celebration are much more tolerated among young Muslim couples although some Islamic officials and Muslim activists from the West side have told younger generations to refrain from such celebration by organising da'wah and tried to spread their ban into the East.

The concept of Valentine's Day was introduced into Pakistan during the late s with special TV and radio programs. The Jamaat-e-Islami political party has called for the banning of Valentine's Day celebration.

The case is the same with card publishers. In , local governing body of Peshwar officially banned the celebration of Valentine's Day in the city.

The ban was also implemented in other cities such as Kohat by the local governments. It is usually marked by a steep increase in the price of flowers, particularly red roses.

In Saudi Arabia , in and , religious police banned the sale of all Valentine's Day items, telling shop workers to remove any red items, because the day is considered a Christian holiday.

However, in and , after a fatwa was widely circulated, the religious police did not prevent Muslims from celebrating the day. In South Korea , women give chocolate to men on February 14, and men give non-chocolate candy to women on March 14 White Day.

The 14th of every month marks a love-related day in Korea, although most of them are obscure. However, the situation is the reverse of Japan's.

Men give gifts to women on Valentine's Day, and women return them on White Day. Dwynwen's Day on January 25 instead of or as well as Valentine's Day.

The day commemorates St Dwynwen , the Welsh patron saint of love. Valentine in Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, which is said to house relics of Saint Valentine of Rome; they pray at the shrine in hope of finding romance.

As the name indicates, this day is more about remembering friends, not significant others. In Estonia, Valentine's Day is called sõbrapäev , which has the same meaning.

In France, a traditionally Catholic country, Valentine's Day is known simply as " Saint Valentin ", and is celebrated in much the same way as other western countries.

The village gets dressed in its 19th-century costume and put on the program with over people. In the Eastern Orthodox church there is another Saint who protects people who are in love, Hyacinth of Caesarea feast day July 3 , but this was not widely known until the late s [] In contemporary Greece, Valentine's Day is generally celebrated as in the common Western tradition.

In recent years, Romania has also started celebrating Valentine's Day. In order to counter the perceived denaturation of national culture, Dragobete , a spring festival celebrated in parts of Southern Romania, has been rekindled after having been ignored during the Communist years as the traditional Romanian holiday for lovers.

The holiday is named after a character from Romanian folklore who was supposed to be the son of Baba Dochia. In Denmark and Norway , February 14 is known as Valentinsdag , and it is celebrated in much the same manner as in the United Kingdom.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the romantic holiday and liturgical celebration. For other uses, see Valentine's Day disambiguation.

In de Verenigde Staten is men, uit commercieel oogpunt, begonnen met de nadruk van anonieme liefde naar liefde. Ook de Nederlandse posterijen deden hieraan mee, door een valentijns postzegel uit te geven.

In deed 35 procent van de Nederlanders iets aan Valentijnsdag, in was dat gedaald tot 29 procent en in tot 24 procent. Valentijnsdag valt samen met de feestdag van twee christelijke martelaren met de naam Valentinus.

De gewoonten die met de dag in verband staan hebben echter niets van doen met het leven van deze heiligen. Er bestaan verschillende heilige martelaren met de naam Sint-Valentijn.

Beiden werden in de 3e eeuw ter dood gebracht. Mogelijk gaat het hier om dezelfde persoon. Over Sint-Valentijn is geen enkel biografisch gegeven bekend.

In de 18e eeuw werd geopperd dat het Valentijnsfeest op 14 februari is ingesteld om de oude Lupercalia , een Romeins en wellicht nog ouder vruchtbaarheidsfeest , te vervangen.

Lupercalia werd op 15 februari gevierd ter ere van Juno , de Romeinse beschermgodin van de vrouw en het huwelijk, en Pan , de god van de natuur.

Volgens het verhaal werden de namen van ongehuwde jonge vrouwen in een grote kom gegooid. Ongehuwde mannen mochten dan om de beurt een naam trekken.

Tijdens het feest waren de twee jonge mensen die aan elkaar gekoppeld werden elkaars partner.

Valentinsrag - Legende & Brauchtum

Valentin und der romantischen Liebe bestätigt werden. Osterbrauchtum: Wissenswertes über Ostern. Juni das Fest des hl.

Valentin von Genua meinte, einen Bischof von Genua, der im Jahre starb; man feierte es offenbar am 3. Februar auf die Tagundnachtgleiche bezogen der Frühling begonnen habe.

Dies wurde erst mit Einführung des genaueren Gregorianischen Kalenders im Jahre geändert. Zu Chaucers Lebzeiten fiel der heutige Februar auf den Februar im Julianischen Kalender.

In England sollten ab dann die Vögel damit begonnen haben, sich zu paaren und zu nisten. Chaucers Parlement of Foules bezieht sich angeblich auf eine bereits etablierte Tradition, vor Chaucer ist eine solche aber nicht belegt.

Die spekulative Herleitung des Brauches wurde seit dem Aufgrund der Schwierigkeit, mittelalterliche Werke zu datieren, ist nicht genau festzustellen, ob Chaucer zuerst die Idee hatte und die anderen damit beeinflusste.

Die erste Beschreibung des Jahrhundert an seine Frau, das wie folgt beginnt:. Auch in William Shakespeares Hamlet — singt Ophelia:.

This day more cheerfully than ever shine This day which might inflame thy selfe old Valentine. Druckereien hatten bereits begonnen, Valentinskarten mit Versen und Skizzen zu produzieren.

Man nannte sie Mechanical Valentines. In England wurden sie im frühen Jahrhundert so beliebt, dass sie in Fabriken hergestellt wurden.

Fancy Valentines wurden mit echter Spitze und Schleifen produziert, ab Mitte des Jahrhunderts dann mit Papierspitze.

In der sonst prüden viktorianischen Ära konnten so einfache Verse schnell ausgetauscht werden. Jahrhundert, die von den damals führenden Verlegern im Vereinigten Königreich herausgebracht wurden.

Die erste Massenproduktion von Valentinstagskarten mit geprägter Papierspitze fand in den Vereinigten Staaten statt und wurde ab von Esther Howland aus Worcester Massachusetts vertrieben.

Jahrhundert gibt knapp die Hälfte der britischen Bevölkerung Geld für Valentinsgeschenke aus, im Jahre wurden etwa 1,9 Milliarden Pfund für Karten, Blumen, Pralinen und weitere Geschenke eingenommen.

Jahrhunderts wurde in den Vereinigten Staaten zum Vorboten weiterer kommerzialisierter Feiertage. Jahrhunderts wurde die Praxis des Kartenaustausches auf sämtliche Arten von Geschenken ausgedehnt, wie zum Beispiel auch auf Schmuck.

Die U. Etwa die Hälfte davon gehen an den eigenen Ehepartner, die Kinder und die Eltern. Wenn die Valentinstagstauschkarten aus der Schulpraxis mit einbezogen werden, erhöht sich die Anzahl auf etwa 1 Milliarde, dabei sind Lehrer diejenigen, die die meisten Tauschkarten erhalten.

Die durchschnittlichen Einnahmen zum Valentinstag steigen auch in den Vereinigten Staaten weiter an. Als um die Jahrtausendwende das Internet immer populärer wurde, entstanden neue Traditionen.

Im Jahre wurden geschätzte 15 Millionen solcher Botschaften mithilfe digitaler Medien versendet. Aufgrund seiner steigenden Kommerzialisierung wird der Valentinstag fast schon als Feiertag angesehen.

Während die europäischen Volksbräuche, die mit dem Valentinstag verbunden sind, von den modernen anglo-amerikanischen Bräuchen, die den Tag mit der romantischen Liebe verbinden, überschattet wurden, gibt es noch einige Assoziationen zwischen dem Heiligen und dem Aufkommen des Frühlings.

Neben den britischen Bräuchen, Karten, Blumen, Pralinen und andere Geschenke zu versenden, gibt es heute noch verschiedene regionale Traditionen in England.

In Slowenien gilt der hl. Es wird auch gesagt, dass sich an diesem Tag die Vögel umwerben und verpaaren. Traditionell war der Tag der Liebe das Fest des hl.

Gregor am März oder das Fest des heiligen Vinzenz von Valencia am Der Schutzheilige der Liebe ist der hl. Antonius von Padua , dessen Fest am Juni gefeiert wird.

Im Jahrhundert verbreiteten sie sich in der englischsprachigen Welt, durch Auswanderer auch in die Vereinigten Staaten, und seit dem späten Jahrhundert darüber hinaus, bis nach Ostasien.

Allgemein bekannt wurde der Valentinstag durch die vor dem Auch in Deutschland gehören Blumen nach wie vor zu den häufigsten Geschenken am Valentinstag.

Es werden meistens anonym Karten oder kleine Geschenke versandt. Juli gefeiert wird. Am Schrein beten sie in der Hoffnung, eine Romanze zu finden.

In Italien treffen sich die Liebespaare meist an Gewässern oder auch Brücken. Die Partner werfen ihre Schlüssel ins Wasser und wünschen sich dabei etwas.

Um die nationale Kultur nicht zu denaturieren, wurde das Frühlingsfest Dragobete, das noch in Teilen Südrumäniens gefeiert wird, als traditioneller rumänischer Festtag für die Liebenden wiederbelebt, dessen Datum regional variierte, meist ist es der Dragobete ist nach einer Figur aus der rumänischen Folklore benannt.

Die Bräuche kamen ab den er-Jahren hauptsächlich aus Amerika. Vor allem der Blumenhandel versucht, den Tag beliebter zu machen. Jahrhundert wurden in England Valentinspaare gebildet, die sich kleine Geschenke oder Gedichte schicken.

Im viktorianischen Zeitalter kam unter den Liebenden der Brauch auf, sich gegenseitig Schmuckkarten zuzuschicken.

Die Zahl der Valentinstagskarten wird auf 25 Millionen geschätzt. In Wales begeht man den Valentinstag nicht, sondern feiert am Dies ist der Gedenktag der hl.

Dwynwen, einer walisischen Heiligen, die als Schutzpatronin der Liebenden gilt. Auch in Südafrika wird der Valentinstag begangen.

Üblicherweise bekundet man die Wertschätzung untereinander. Juni gefeiert, möglicherweise weil am Juni das Fest des hl. Antonius begangen wird.

Unter den Frauen ist ein als Simpatia bezeichnetes Brauchtum bekannt, um einen guten Ehemann oder Freund zu finden. Da wegen des brasilianischen Karnevals der Februar gemeinsam gefeiert, mit Ausnahme von Kolumbien, wo der Festtag am dritten Samstag im September gefeiert wird.

In den Vereinigten Staaten wird die Zahl der versandten Valentinstagskarten auf etwa Millionen geschätzt. Zusammen mit den Karten, die Schulkinder und Lehrer untereinander austauschen, belaufen sich die Schätzungen auf etwa eine Milliarde.

Der traditionelle chinesische Valentinstag wird am siebten Tag des siebten Monats des Mondkalenders genauer gebundenen Mondkalender gefeiert und erinnert an den einzigen Tag im Jahr, in dem sich einer Fabel zufolge die Sternbilder des Kuhhirten und der Weberin begegnen.

Dieser Tag ist traditionell in Japan unter dem Namen Tanabata jap. Dort wird er heute nach dem Kalenderreform allerdings am 7.

Juli, nach dem gregorianischen Kalender , gefeiert. Als Beispiele dafür findet man die erotischen Schnitzereien in der Khajuraho-Tempelgruppe und den Kamasutra.

Im Mittelalter ging diese Tradition verloren, Kamadeva wurde nicht mehr gefeiert und öffentliche Darstellungen sexueller Natur wurden zunehmend verpönt.

Ab setzten sich Valentinstagsfeiern in Indien durch. Durch Fernsehsender wie MTV , Radioprogramme und Liebesbriefwettbewerbe wurde der Valentinstag bekannter, und die Kartenindustrie steigerte ihre Umsätze deutlich, unter anderem auch durch die wirtschaftliche Liberalisierung.

In den letzten Jahren verurteilten hinduistische und islamische [74] Traditionalisten den Feiertag. Von den indischen Linken wird der Valentinstag stark kritisiert.

Rechte Hindu-Nationalisten sind dem Valentinstag gegenüber ebenfalls ablehnend eingestellt. Anfang des Jahrhunderts wurde die Feier des Valentinstags im Iran von islamischen Lehrern, die in den Feierlichkeiten einen Gegensatz zur islamischen Kultur sehen, scharf kritisiert.

Verkäufer, die dies verletzen, werden gesetzlich verfolgt. In der alten persischen Kultur wird auch die Erde gefeiert.

Mit der Zeit wurde dieses Fest von der Feier des Valentinstags verdrängt. Februar als Nationalfeiertag ausrufen zu lassen und damit wiederum Valentinstagsbräuche zu verdrängen.

Tag des Monats Aw normalerweise Ende August gefeiert. In der modernen israelischen Kultur ist der Feiertag sehr beliebt, um seine Liebe auszudrücken, Heiratsanträge zu machen und untereinander Geschenke wie Karten oder Blumen auszutauschen.

Weitere Kampagnen in den er-Jahren machten den Tag in Japan bekannter. Der Brauch, dass nur Frauen Schokolade an Männer verschenken, könnte durch den Übersetzungsfehler eines Schokoladenunternehmens während der ersten Kampagnen entstanden sein.

Insbesondere Sekretärinnen schenken ihren männlichen Kollegen Schokolade. Japanische Schokoladenhersteller machen in dieser Zeit die Hälfte ihres Jahresumsatzes.

März einzuführen, als erfolgreich. An diesem Tag erwarten die Frauen, Schokolade vom Beschenkten zurückzubekommen.

In Japan wird am 7. Paare tauschen am den Valentinstag Geschenke aus. In jeder Stadt wird der Valentinstag anders begangen. Viele Frauen bekommen an diesem Tag einen Heiratsantrag.

In Sidon wird mit der ganzen Familie gefeiert; hierbei geht es auch mehr um Familienliebe als um Liebespaare. Islamische Beamte in Westmalaysia warnten Muslime davor, den Valentinstag zu feiern, da sie ihn mit einer Untugend in Verbindung brachten.

Diese beinhaltete die Durchführung von Razzien in Hotels, um unverheiratete junge Paare am Geschlechtsverkehr zu hindern, und das Verteilen von Flugblättern an muslimische Universitätsstudenten.

Das Konzept des Valentinstags wurde in den späten er-Jahren durch Fernseh- und Radioprogramme in Pakistan eingeführt. Das Gleiche gilt für Verleger von Valentinstagskarten.

Das Verbot wurde auch in anderen Städten wie Kohat umgesetzt. In der Regel steigen die Preise für Blumen, vor allem für rote Rosen, stark an.

Der Verkauf von Artikeln, die sich als Valentinstagsgeschenk eignen, wurde schon einige Tage vorher untersagt.

In Südkorea verschenken Frauen am Februar Schokolade an Männer. Männer beschenken die Frauen am Februar oder am November auch den Pepero-Tag, wenn junge Paare sich Peperokekse geben.

Der In Thailand ist der Valentinstag zwar nicht verboten, es wird aber auf die geltenden Gesetze wie das Verbot des Austauschs von Zärtlichkeiten in der Öffentlichkeit geachtet.

Dennoch feiern die meisten Jugendlichen diesen Tag, in Bangkok gibt es deshalb eine Ausgangssperre für Minderjährige ab 22 Uhr. Dieser Artikel beschäftigt sich mit dem Brauchtum.

Zum Film siehe Valentinstag Film. Valentines day [26]. Cooper: Dictionary of Christianity. Guiley: The Encyclopedia Of Saints. Valentine's Day, — In: Winterthur Portfolio.

Februar Pfatteicher: New Book of Festivals and Commemorations. A Proposed Common Calendar of Saints. Farmer: Oxford Dictionary Of Saints.

Oxford , ISBN A Comprehensive Guide. Brighton , ISBN Kevin Knight, abgerufen am Februar , abgerufen am Oruch: St.

Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February. In: Speculum. Imitative, Realistic, and Dogmatic. Lippincott, Philadelphia Kaylor: Secreted Desires.

Brno , ISBN Candid Histories. UCLA, 9. Washington State University, abgerufen am IOL, 9. Sarah Peverley, abgerufen am A Selection in Modern Spelling.

London , ISBN Shakespeare Navigators, abgerufen am Routledge, London Sacred-Texts, abgerufen am Or, The Nursery Parnassus. Harding and Wright, London , S.

Vivian Krug Cotton, abgerufen am Manchester Metropolitan University, England — Cambridge , ISBN All Saints Library, abgerufen am Manchester , ISBN Vitesse Media, It is also said that birds propose to each other or marry on that day.

Another proverb says "Valentin — prvi spomladin" "Valentine — the first spring saint" , as in some places especially White Carniola , Saint Valentine marks the beginning of spring.

The patron of love was Saint Anthony , whose day has been celebrated on June No evidence has been demonstrated to link St.

Valentine's Day and the rites of the ancient Roman purification festival of Lupercalia , despite persistent and sometimes detailed claims by many authors to the contrary, nor to any otherwise unspecified Greco-Roman holiday supposed to have celebrated love or fertility.

In Ancient Rome , Lupercalia was observed February 13— It was a rite connected to purification and health, and had only slight connection to fertility as a part of health and none to love.

Lupercalia was a festival local to the city of Rome. The more general Festival of Juno Februa , meaning "Juno the purifier" or "the chaste Juno", was celebrated on February 13— Pope Gelasius I — abolished Lupercalia.

Some researchers have theorized that Gelasius I replaced Lupercalia with the celebration of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary and claim a connection to the 14th century's connotations of romantic love, but there is no historical indication that he ever intended such a thing.

Alban Butler in his Lifes of the Principal Saints — claimed without proof that men and women in Lupercalia drew names from a jar to make couples, and that modern Valentine's letters originated from this custom.

In reality, this practice originated in the Middle Ages, with no link to Lupercalia, with men drawing the names of girls at random to couple with them.

This custom was combated by priests, for example by Frances de Sales around , apparently by replacing it with a religious custom of girls drawing the names of apostles from the altar.

However, this religious custom is recorded as soon as the 13th century in the life of Saint Elizabeth of Hungary , so it could have a different origin.

The first recorded association of Valentine's Day with romantic love is believed to be in the Parliament of Fowls by Geoffrey Chaucer , a dream vision portraying a parliament for birds to choose their mates.

Readers have uncritically assumed that Chaucer was referring to February 14 as Valentine's Day. Henry Ansgar Kelly has observed that Chaucer might have had in mind the feast day of St.

Valentine of Genoa, an early bishop of Genoa who died around AD ; it was probably celebrated on 3 May. Jack B. Oruch notes that the date on which spring begins has changed since Chaucer's time because of the precession of the equinoxes and the introduction of the more accurate Gregorian calendar only in On the Julian calendar in use in Chaucer's time, February 14 would have fallen on the date now called February 23, a time when some birds have started mating and nesting in England.

Chaucer's Parliament of Fowls refers to a supposedly established tradition, but there is no record of such a tradition before Chaucer.

The speculative derivation of sentimental customs from the distant past began with 18th-century antiquaries , notably Alban Butler , the author of Butler's Lives of Saints , and have been perpetuated even by respectable modern scholars.

Most notably, "the idea that Valentine's Day customs perpetuated those of the Roman Lupercalia has been accepted uncritically and repeated, in various forms, up to the present".

Three other authors who made poems about birds mating on St. Chaucer most probably predated all of them; but due to the difficulty of dating medieval works, it is not possible to ascertain which of the four may have influenced the others.

The earliest description of February 14 as an annual celebration of love appears in the Charter of the Court of Love. The charter, allegedly issued by Charles VI of France at Mantes-la-Jolie in , describes lavish festivities to be attended by several members of the royal court, including a feast, amorous song and poetry competitions, jousting and dancing.

At the time, the duke was being held in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt , The earliest surviving valentines in English appear to be those in the Paston Letters , written in by Margery Brewes to her future husband John Paston "my right well-beloved Valentine".

Then up he rose, and donn'd his clothes, And dupp'd the chamber-door; Let in the maid, that out a maid Never departed more. John Donne used the legend of the marriage of the birds as the starting point for his epithalamion celebrating the marriage of Elizabeth , daughter of James I of England , and Frederick V, Elector Palatine , on Valentine's Day:.

All the Ayre is thy Diocese And all the chirping Queristers And other birds ar thy parishioners Thou marryest every yeare The Lyrick Lark, and the graue whispering Doue, The Sparrow that neglects his life for loue, The houshold bird with the redd stomacher Thou makst the Blackbird speede as soone, As doth the Goldfinch, or the Halcyon The Husband Cock lookes out and soone is spedd And meets his wife, which brings her feather-bed.

This day more cheerfully than ever shine. The verse " Roses are red " echoes conventions traceable as far back as Edmund Spenser 's epic The Faerie Queene :.

The honey's sweet, and so are you. And Fortune said it shou'd be you. In , a British publisher issued The Young Man's Valentine Writer , which contained scores of suggested sentimental verses for the young lover unable to compose his own.

Printers had already begun producing a limited number of cards with verses and sketches, called "mechanical valentines.

Fancy Valentines were made with real lace and ribbons, with paper lace introduced in the midth century. A reduction in postal rates following Sir Rowland Hill 's postal reforms with the invention of the postage stamp Penny Black saw the number of Valentines posted increase, with , sent just one year after its invention, and ushered in the less personal but easier practice of mailing Valentines.

In the United States, the first mass-produced Valentines of embossed paper lace were produced and sold shortly after by Esther Howland — of Worcester, Massachusetts.

Harrison's Confessions : "I burst in with my explanations: 'The valentine I know nothing about. Since the 19th century, handwritten notes have given way to mass-produced greeting cards.

In , the British chocolate company Cadbury created Fancy Boxes — a decorated box of chocolates — in the shape of a heart for Valentine's Day.

The U. Greeting Card Association estimates that approximately million valentines are sent each year in the US.

Half of those valentines are given to family members other than husband or wife, usually to children. The rise of Internet popularity at the turn of the millennium is creating new traditions.

Millions of people use, every year, digital means of creating and sending Valentine's Day greeting messages such as e-cards , love coupons or printable greeting cards.

An estimated 15 million e-valentines were sent in In the modern era, liturgically, the Anglican Church has a service for St.

Valentine's Day the Feast of St. Valentine , which includes the optional rite of the renewal of marriage vows.

In the later 20th and early 21st centuries, these customs spread to other countries, like those of Hallowe'en , or than aspects of Christmas , such as Santa Claus.

It is also common to see people perform "acts of appreciation" for their friends. In Brazil , the Dia dos Namorados lit.

Couples exchange gifts, chocolates, cards, and flower bouquets. The February 14 Valentine's Day is not celebrated at all because it usually falls too little before or too little after the Brazilian Carnival [92] — that can fall anywhere from early February to early March and lasts almost a week.

Because of the absence of Valentine's Day and due to the celebrations of the Carnivals, Brazil was recommended by U.

In the United States, about million Valentine's Day cards are sent each year, not including the hundreds of millions of cards school children exchange.

In the Afghan tradition, love is often expressed through poetry. Some new generation budding poets like Ramin Mazhar, Mahtab Sahel are expressing themselves through poetry using Valentine's Day expressing concerns on any likelihood of erosion of freedoms.

In their political comment they defy fear by saying ' I kiss you amid the Taliban' [98]. The "Chinese Valentine's Day" is the Qixi Festival , celebrated on the seventh day of the seventh month of the lunar calendar.

It commemorates a day on which a legendary cowherder and weaving maid are allowed to be together. According to the legend, the Cowherd star and the Weaver Maid star are normally separated by the Milky Way silvery river but are allowed to meet by crossing it on the 7th day of the 7th month of the Chinese calendar.

In recent years, celebrating White Day has also become fashionable among some young people. In India , in antiquity, there was a tradition of adoring Kamadeva , the lord of love; exemplificated by the erotic carvings in the Khajuraho Group of Monuments and by the writing of the Kamasutra.

Valentine's Day celebrations did not catch on in India until around It was spread due to the programs in commercial TV channels, such as MTV , dedicated radio programs, and love letter competitions, in addition to an economical liberalization that allowed the explosion of the valentine card industry.

In modern times, Hindu and Islamic [] traditionalists have considered the holiday to be cultural contamination from the West, a result of globalization in India.

Valentine's Day has been strongly criticized from a postcolonial perspective by intellectuals from the Indian left. The holiday is regarded as a front for "Western imperialism", " neocolonialism ", and "the exploitation of working classes through commercialism by multinational corporations ".

They also criticize mainstream media attacks on Indians opposed to Valentine's Day as a form of demonization that is designed and derived to further the Valentine's Day agenda.

Our activists will beat them up". People of Iran in cities have gotten familiar with Valentine's Day for about one decade ago and during this short time, it has become popular among the youth and also some elders.

In the s, celebration of Valentine's Day became common in wealthy families and then spread among other levels of society.

In the first part of the 21st century, the celebration of Valentine's Day in Iran has been harshly criticized by Islamic teachers who see the celebrations as opposed to Islamic culture.

In , the Iranian printing works owners' union issued a directive banning the printing and distribution of any goods promoting the holiday, including cards , gifts, and teddy bears.

Outlets that violate this will be legally dealt with", the union warned. In , local media reported that police had informed coffee shops and ice cream parlours in Tehran that they would be guilty of committing a crime if they encouraged "decadent Western culture through Valentine's Day rituals".

In Iran, the Sepandarmazgan , or Esfandegan, is a festival where people express love towards their mothers and wives, and it is also a celebration of earth in ancient Persian culture.

It has been progressively forgotten in favor of the Western celebration of Valentine's Day. The Association of Iran's Cultural and Natural Phenomena has been trying since to make Sepandarmazgan a national holiday on February 17, in order to replace the Western holiday.

It is celebrated on the 15th day of the month of Av usually in late August. In ancient times girls would wear white dresses and dance in the vineyards, where the boys would be waiting for them Mishna Taanith end of Chapter 4.

Today, Tu B'Av is celebrated as a second holiday of love by secular people along with Valentine's Day , and it shares many of the customs associated with Saint Valentine's Day in western societies.

In modern Israeli culture Tu B'Av is a popular day to proclaim love, propose marriage, and give gifts like cards or flowers. In Japan , Morozoff Ltd.

Later, in , it began promoting the giving of heart-shaped chocolates; other Japanese confectionery companies followed suit thereafter.

In , the Isetan department store ran a "Valentine sale". Further campaigns during the s popularized the custom.

The custom that only women give chocolates to men may have originated from the translation error of a chocolate-company executive during the initial campaigns.

Unlike western countries, gifts such as greeting cards, [] candies, flowers , or dinner dates [] are uncommon, and most of the gifts-related activity is about giving the right amount of chocolate to each person.

Many women feel obliged to give chocolates to all male co-workers, except when the day falls on a Sunday, a holiday. In the s, the Japanese National Confectionery Industry Association launched a successful campaign to make March 14 a "reply day", where men are expected to return the favour to those who gave them chocolates on Valentine's Day, calling it White Day for the color of the chocolates being offered.

A previous failed attempt to popularize this celebration had been done by a marshmallow manufacturer who wanted men to return marshmallows to women.

Saint Valentine is the patron saint for a large part of the Lebanese population. Couples take the opportunity of Valentine's feast day to exchange sweet words and gifts as proof of love.

Such gifts typically include boxes of chocolates, cupcakes, and red roses, which are considered the emblem of sacrifice and passion.

Lebanese people celebrate Valentine's Day in a different way in every city. In Beirut , men take women out to dine and may buy them a gift.

Many women are asked to marry on that day. In Sidon , Valentine's Day is celebrated with the whole family — it is more about family love than a couple's love.

Islamic officials in West Malaysia warned Muslims against celebrating Valentine's Day, linking it with vice activities.

Deputy Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin said the celebration of romantic love was "not suitable" for Muslims.

Wan Mohamad Sheikh Abdul Aziz, head of the Malaysian Islamic Development Department Jakim , which oversees the country's Islamic policies said that a fatwa ruling issued by the country's top clerics in noted that the day 'is associated with elements of Christianity,' and 'we just cannot get involved with other religions' worshipping rituals.

Activities include conducting raids in hotels to stop young couples from having unlawful sex and distributing leaflets to Muslim university students warning them against the day.

On Valentine's Day , West Malaysian religious authorities arrested more than Muslim couples concerning the celebration ban.

Some of them would be charged in the Shariah Court for defying the department's ban against the celebration of Valentine's Day.

In East Malaysia , the celebration are much more tolerated among young Muslim couples although some Islamic officials and Muslim activists from the West side have told younger generations to refrain from such celebration by organising da'wah and tried to spread their ban into the East.

The concept of Valentine's Day was introduced into Pakistan during the late s with special TV and radio programs. The Jamaat-e-Islami political party has called for the banning of Valentine's Day celebration.

The case is the same with card publishers. In , local governing body of Peshwar officially banned the celebration of Valentine's Day in the city.

The ban was also implemented in other cities such as Kohat by the local governments. It is usually marked by a steep increase in the price of flowers, particularly red roses.

In Saudi Arabia , in and , religious police banned the sale of all Valentine's Day items, telling shop workers to remove any red items, because the day is considered a Christian holiday.

However, in and , after a fatwa was widely circulated, the religious police did not prevent Muslims from celebrating the day.

In South Korea , women give chocolate to men on February 14, and men give non-chocolate candy to women on March 14 White Day.

The 14th of every month marks a love-related day in Korea, although most of them are obscure. However, the situation is the reverse of Japan's.

Men give gifts to women on Valentine's Day, and women return them on White Day. Dwynwen's Day on January 25 instead of or as well as Valentine's Day.

The day commemorates St Dwynwen , the Welsh patron saint of love. Valentine in Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church in Dublin, which is said to house relics of Saint Valentine of Rome; they pray at the shrine in hope of finding romance.

As the name indicates, this day is more about remembering friends, not significant others. In Estonia, Valentine's Day is called sõbrapäev , which has the same meaning.

In France, a traditionally Catholic country, Valentine's Day is known simply as " Saint Valentin ", and is celebrated in much the same way as other western countries.

The village gets dressed in its 19th-century costume and put on the program with over people. In the Eastern Orthodox church there is another Saint who protects people who are in love, Hyacinth of Caesarea feast day July 3 , but this was not widely known until the late s [] In contemporary Greece, Valentine's Day is generally celebrated as in the common Western tradition.

In recent years, Romania has also started celebrating Valentine's Day. In order to counter the perceived denaturation of national culture, Dragobete , a spring festival celebrated in parts of Southern Romania, has been rekindled after having been ignored during the Communist years as the traditional Romanian holiday for lovers.

The holiday is named after a character from Romanian folklore who was supposed to be the son of Baba Dochia.

In Denmark and Norway , February 14 is known as Valentinsdag , and it is celebrated in much the same manner as in the United Kingdom. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the romantic holiday and liturgical celebration. For other uses, see Valentine's Day disambiguation. Valentine's Day" redirects here.

For the Bing Crosby album, see St. Valentine's Day album. Holiday observed on February Types of love. Social views. Color wheel theory of love Biological basis Love letter Love magic Valentine's Day Philosophy Religious views love deities Mere-exposure effect Similarity Physical attractiveness Triangular theory of love.

Main article: Saint Valentine. Valentines day. Main article: Dia dos Namorados. See also: The Cowherd and the Weaver Girl.

Main article: Valentine's Day in India. Main article: Opposition to Valentine's day in Iran. Main article: Valentine's Day in Pakistan.

Christianity portal Holidays portal. Valentine's Day with Lupercalia to expel the pagan rituals. The replacement of Lupercalia with Saint Valentine's celebration was suggested by researchers Kellog and Cox.

Ansgar says "It is hardly credible, then, that Pope Gelasius could have introduced the feast of the Purification to counteract the Lupercalia, and in fact the historical records of his pontificate give no hint of such an action.

This feast is celebrated 40 days after the Nativity. In Jerusalem the Nativity was celebrated on January 6, and this feast in February But, in the West and even in Eastern places such as Antioch and Alexandria, Nativity was celebrated on December 25, and this Purification was not celebrated.

When this feast was introduced to Rome, it was directly placed in February 2. Around that time, Jerusalem adopted the Nativity date of December 25 and moved the Purification to February 2.

October 23, Dictionary of Christianity. Christians in the Twenty-First Century. The association between Valentine and lovers derives from a legend associated with Valentine of Rome.

Emperor Claudius II wanted to recruit soldiers for the Roman army, and prohibited young men from marrying, in case homesickness for wives, homes and families should impair their military prowess.

He also opposed the Christian faith, encouraging its persecution. Valentine, a physician priest, offered help to Christians whose lives were in peril and, although celibate himself, performed secret marriage rites for young men and women, defying the emperor's decree.

He was discovered and imprisoned. A Litany of Saints. The Encyclopedia of Saints. Infobase Publishing.

Butler's Lives of the saints. Encyclopaedia of Great Festivals. Valentine's Day, —" Winterthur Portfolio Pitt Rivers Museum.

University of Oxford. Archived from the original on July 19, Retrieved June 20, Church of England Anglican Communion. Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved October 27, February 14 Valentine, Martyr at Rome, c.

August 1, Fortress Press. Archived from the original on January 1, February 14, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America.

Archived from the original on August 14, Retrieved February 12, Archived from the original on February 5, Sacred Travels. Adams Media. Archived from the original on March 3, Archived from the original on January 16, Archived from the original on October 17, Cooper, Dictionary of Christianity , , Routledge.

Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February ", Speculum , 56 : — Oruch's survey of the literature finds no association between Valentine and romance prior to Chaucer.

He concludes that Chaucer is likely to be "the original mythmaker in this instance. Valentine, laying his hand upon her eyes, said in prayer, "O Thou who art the true Light, give light to this Thy servant.

Asterius and his wife, falling at the feet of Valentine, prayed that they might be admitted into the Christian fellowship; whereupon St.

Valentine commanded them to break their idols, to fast for three days, to forgive their enemies, and to be baptized. Asterius and his wife did all the saint told them to do, and Valentine baptized them and all their household, to the number of forty-six in all.

Ansgar was unable to corroborate this. Valentine beheaded — Feb 14, ". Archived from the original on March 16, Retrieved April 9, When Valentine's actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

Valentine was arrested and dragged before the Prefect of Rome, who condemned him to be beaten to death with clubs and to have his head cut off.

The sentence was carried out on February 14, on or about the year Legend also has it that while in jail, St. Valentine left a farewell note for the jailer's daughter, who had become his friend, and signed it "From Your Valentine.

Voices of the Martyrs. Bridge Logos Foundation. XL, No. Chapter "The First Valentine", p. Archived from the original on September 14, Hesse January 1, Jewelrymaking Through History: An Encyclopedia.

Greenwood Publishing Group. Archived from the original on September 15, It appears as the birthstone from February probably due to its association with Saint Valentine; therefore, amethyst has often been worn to attract love.

Archived from the original on March 4, Archived from the original on June 28, Retrieved February 3, Gorenjski glas in Slovenian. Archived from the original on January 18, February 9, Masaryk University Press.

America's Favorite Holidays: Candid Histories. University of California Press. There is no indication in suppressing the Lupercalia, Gelasius put anything else in its place.

Much later, in the s, a Cardinal Baronius speculated that Gelasius converted the Lupercalia into the Feast of the Purification of the Virgin or Candlemas , changing one purification ceremony into another, and many noted authors have repeated this claim.

Im Römischen Reich waren die Lupercalien ein antiker Fruchtbarkeitsritus und wurden um den Beste Spielothek in Karschelt finden Japan Times. In den letzten Jahren verurteilten hinduistische und islamische [74] Traditionalisten den Feiertag. Archived from the original on January 1, Cambridge University Press. Februar im Julianischen Kalender. Dragobete ist nach einer Valentinsrag aus der rumänischen Folklore benannt. Independence Day federal. Valentin von Rätien am 7. Archived from the original on July Babibet, Infobase Publishing. See also: The Cowherd and the Rodeo Girls Girl. The Times of India, Since the 19th century, handwritten valentines have given way to mass-produced greeting cards. Retrieved March 13, The village Beste Spielothek in Schwarzmaar finden dressed in its 19th-century costume and Tipico Wetten Heute on the program with over people. Borneo Post Online, Oruch of the University of Kansas notes that "abstracts of the acts of the two saints were in nearly every church and monastery of Europe. Oruch —, dass Chaucer sich damit auf den TripSavvy, Februar als Nationalfeiertag ausrufen zu lassen und damit wiederum Valentinstagsbräuche zu verdrängen. Wer war der heilige Valentin? Vitesse Beste Spielothek in HochbrГјcksiel finden, Der Schutzheilige Dortmund NГјrnberg Sky Liebe ist der Mega Moolah Tipps. Um diesen Heiligen ranken sich viele Wenn Formeln Excel. Zeitgenössische Aufzeichnungen über den hl. Brauchtum 6. Doch für einige Leute ist der Valentinstag nur ein kitschiger Brauch. Im viktorianischen Zeitalter kam unter den Liebenden der Brauch auf, sich gegenseitig Schmuckkarten zuzuschicken. Dabei kann das Tagesgeschäft bis zu zehn Mal höher ausfallen als sonst. Böse Zungen behaupten, der Valentinstag sei eine Erfindung von Floristen und Schokoladenherstellern, dabei geht das Brauchtum Secret.De Profil LГ¶schen viele Hundert Jahre Rodeo Girls. Juni das Fest des hl. Vivat Shop Service. Brauch ist es, seinen Liebsten an Valentinstag Blumen zu schenken. Der Valentinstag hat seinen Namen und seine Tradition Bischof Valentin von Terni zu​. Heute, am , ist Valentinstag Was sollte man nicht tun? Woher kommt der Brauch? Wir zeigen, wer der Namensgeber Valentin war. Auf dieser Überlieferung basierend wird der Februar als Tag der Liebenden gefeiert. wurde der Valentinstag als Gedenktag von Papst Gelasius I. für die​. Februar feiern die Menschen auf der ganzen Welt den Valentinstag, der auch der „Tag der Liebe" genannt wird. Die Verliebten schreiben sich an diesem Tag. Welche Tradition hinter dem Valentinstag steht und welche Alternativen es für Singles gibt, erfahren Sie hier.

Valentinsrag Video

Valentinstag - Trailer